Monthly ArchiveApril 2019

investment in environment-friendly urban mas

 transit. According to NBS preliminary estimates, the share of consumption of clean energy such as natural gas, hydropo

wer, nuclear power and wind power in total energy consumption in the first quarter was 1.5 percentage points hi

gher than that of the same period last year. Energy consumption per unit of GDP went down by 2.7 percent year-on-year.

Total investment in fixed aassets grew by 6.3 percent, with private invest

ment growing at 6.4 percent, slightly faster than the overall number. This is es

pecially significant in the light of last year’s fears that private investment in the econo

my might collapse. So, the government’s efforts to strengthen the private sector appear to have borne fruit.

Investment in high-tech manufacturing rose by 11.4 percent and investme

nt in high-tech services rose 19.3 percent, both far higher than overall investment gro]

wth. This shows that the shift toward advanced manufacturing and services is well underway.

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Hospital in Boao has business license revoked over ille

Hainan provincial health authorities have revoked Boao Yinfeng Healthcare International H

ospital’s business license, for illegally administering HPV 9-valent vaccines, according to a statement Sunday.

Located in the Boao Lecheng International Medical Tourism Pilot Zone, the hospit

al has since January last year vaccinated 37 customers with HPV 9-valent, charging each 9,000 yuan.

They did so without obtaining an official vaccination outpatient license, said the statement.

It said the local health commission of Qionghai, where the Boao pilot zone is loc

ated, on April 18 issued the hospital a notice of penalties, including a warning, confiscati

on of illegal income, a fine of 8,000 yuan, and a revocation of its business license as a medical institution.

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Those involved in the BRI will strengthen synerg

y in development plans and initiatives of various countries and international organizations and in

tensify bilateral and the third-party market cooperation to help more countries raise their level of connectivity, Xi said.

He added that participants agreed that Belt and Road forums are an important platform for multilateral co

operation and should be held on a regular basis.

President calls for countries’ joint efforts in building Belt, Road in forum speech

President Xi Jinping pledged on Friday to take strong measures such as easing market

access for foreign capital and increasing imports to promote the higher-level opening-up of the country.

While delivering the keynote speech at the opening ceremony of the

Second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation in Beijing, Xi said that the p

urpose of building the Belt and Road is to achieve win-win cooperation and common development.

China will increase imports of goods and services on a larger scale, and it will further lower its tariff rates, Xi said.

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Chris Rowley, a visiting professor from Oxford Unive

rsity’s Kellogg College in England, called opening to more foreign investment a very important development.

“Of course this will expose both inward investors and indigenous organiza

tions to some stark differences in management and doing business between them, which in tu

rn requires more globally effective leaders who are less ethnocentric and more culturally aware,” he said.

Sikhumbuzo Zondi, a research assistant at the Institute for Global

Dialogue associated with the University of South Africa, said another important aspect of Xi’s

opening address was the desire to invest more resources in scientific innovation and technology.

The aim is to develop technologies and business models that will foster new growth an

d development. To do this, China is committed to spearheading the Belt and Road Science, Technology and In

novation Cooperation Action Plan to advance information and communications technology infras

tructure development with the aim of improving internet connectivity and security, Zondi said.

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Leveraging private funds prioritized in BRI projects

China’s financial minister and central bank governor vowed to strengthe

n debt management and leverage more private funds for infrastructure construction un

der the Belt and Road Initiative, suggesting a new framework to assess debt risks for partner countries on Thursday.

The Ministry of Finance published a debt-sustainability analysis framework for the BRI’s participating economies at the start of t

he Second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation, a three-day event in Beijing.

Financial institutions of China and other BRI economies are encouraged to use the “nonmandatory” policy t

ool for rating debt risk before making lending decisions. The analysis method is based on in

ternational standards provided by the International Monetary Fund and World Bank, according to the ministry.

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Yi pledged to use more market-based commercial fund

 He also said improving transparency for projects’ financing is needed, especially for green

financing, and using local currencies in BRI investments to curb exchange rate risks. “The opening of local curr

ency-denominated bond markets will effectively attract long-term funds and reduce risks of currency mismatches,” he said.

Christine Lagarde, managing director of the International Monetary Fu

nd, said at the forum that China’s increased focus on the long-term success of BRI projects and the

BRI debt sustainability framework “are very welcome steps in the right direction”.

The further opening-up of China’s financial sector, such as the b

ond market, will enable diversification and foster renminbi internationalization, she said.

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The Belt and Road Initiative, which originated in C

 China but belongs to the world, has become an open and inclusive platform for international cooperation and a well-recog

nized global public good thanks to the concerted efforts of the parties involved, Xi said.

Calling think tanks significant forces for Belt and Road constructi

on, the president said developing think tank exchanges and cooperation helps deepen mu

tual trust, unite consensus and promote the BRI to achieve high-level development.

He expressed the hope that the think tank network would develop in-depth academic exchanges to promote solid coope

ration under the BRI and contribute to the building of a community with a shared future for mankind.

Also on Wednesday, a ceremony to mark the release of the English and French editions

of a compilation of remarks by Xi on the Belt and Road was held in Beijing by the State Council Information Office.

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After 9/11, the US surveillance became more intensif

fied. Shortly after the attack, the US government introduced the Patriot Act, the Accuracy Act and

the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, which formed a comprehensive intelligence surv

eillance network. According to a survey by Privacy International in 2007 covering 47 countries, the United States ran

ked first in the monitoring index. But the United States didn’t stop there. In 2013, Edward Snowden, a technical an

alyst at the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), exposed the Prism program. In this seven-year top-secret electronic sur

veillance, monitored individuals include non-Americans who use related company services, or any US citizen who co

mmunicates with foreigners, including email, video and voice conversations, and social network details, and so on, can be descr

ibed as large-scale indiscriminate monitoring. Surveillance states were finally formed.

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As for the bill, it is largely a “one-time trial” of th

 “five-eye alliance.” It smartly uses Australia’s lack of “benefits” of the “Bill of Rights” and uses

Australia as a breakthrough to force large global technology companies to yield. It’s no wo

nder that Sharon Bradford Franklin, head of monitoring and cybersecurity polic

y at New America, said the bill was in fact the backdoor of the encrypted backdoor for the United States.

Curbing the spread of ‘surveillance states’

The emergence of surveillance states is rooted in the irratio

nal panic of the people against foreign countries and the use o

f such panic by the government. These sentiments and circumstances have been reflected in the unpr

ovoked attacks on the Chinese government and Chinese companies over the past few years.

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In August 2018, the Australian government banned

Chinese telecommunications equipment manufacturers such as Huawei and ZTE from providin

g 5G technology and products, as well as the use of Chinese telecommunications equipment in dom

estic broadband networks. Behind this decision is vague “national security”. For example, the West has repeat

edly accused China of its “Intelligence Law”, especially the particular Article 7 of the law, under whic

h Chinese enterprises will cooperate with the Chinese government in carrying out acts of theft.

However, the Intelligence Law does not require organizations and citizens to uncondition

ally “support, assist and cooperate” with “national intelligence”. On the contrary, the so-called “support, ass

istance and cooperation” must be carried out “in accordance with the provisions of other laws”.

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